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What is a subordinate conjunction?

hi everybody this is dr. Karen and today

I'm going to answer the question what is

a subordinate conjunction a subordinate

conjunction is a word that explains

relationships between an independent

clause and a subordinate clause let's

pause for a second and talk about what

subordinate means the word subordinate

means of lesser importance so whatever

it is that is subordinate it means that

it is less important than something else

in a complex sentence the subordinate

clause is giving us more information

about the most important part of the

sentence so that means the subordinate

clause is the less important piece of

information the most important part of

the sentence is the main or independent

clause while the subordinate conjunction

that's in the subordinate clause tells

us why when or where the main event

that's described and the independent

clause happened that means that the

person listening to the sentence should

pay the most attention to that main or

independent clause they should pay

attention to the subordinate conjunction

just to get more information about that

main clause there are a lot of different

subordinate conjunctions but here are

some examples words like before after

unless if because or in order to these

are all examples of subordinate

conjunctions now notice that sometimes

it can be just one word and sometimes it

can be a group of words let's look at

some examples to see if you can find the

subordinate conjunctions and see what

they're doing in the sentences after Amy

went home she fell asleep

let's look at the parts of this sentence

we have a subordinate conjunction the

word after we have our dependent or

subordinate clause after Amy went home

so this is telling us when she fell

asleep and then of course our

independent clause is she fell asleep so

the main message in the sentence is she

fell asleep the subordinate conjunction

and the subordinate clause are simply

telling us when she fell asleep so

they're telling us when the main event

happened let's look at another example

you need to study for the test in order

to get a good grade let's look at the

parts of this sentence so in this

sentence the independent clause comes

first

sometimes the independent clause comes

first in a complex sentence and

sometimes the subordinate clause comes

first

so we need to pay close attention so

that we really know which part of the

message is the most important in this

sentence it's that you need to study for

the test

but then we have our subordinate

conjunction in order to and then we have

our dependent or subordinate clause in

order to get a good grade so this is

explaining why we need to study for the

test

it's simply providing more information

about the main part of the message to

review a subordinate conjunction is a

word that explains relationships between

an independent clause and a subordinate

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the video thanks so much for watching