a

The UK election explained

[Music]

Britain is having an election on June

the 8th three years ahead of schedule

that's because Theresa May the Prime

Minister decided she wanted to bring

forward the date and the main opposition

parties agreed Britons don't directly

elect their prime minister instead in

June all of the country's 650

constituencies will elect an MP on a

first past the post basis the person who

wins most votes in each area is elected

for that parliamentary seat the leader

of the majority party will coalition of

parties will then become Prime Minister

currently the ruling Conservative has

330 MPs which effectively means they

have a majority of 17 that majority has

been big enough to pass controversial

breakfast legislation but to reason a

hasn't been able to get through some of

the domestic reforms particularly new

grammar schools also she's never won a

general election Prime Minister

she took power when David Cameron

resigned after the EU referendum so this

election is her charm to win a national

endorsement the biggest opposition party

is the Labour Party led by Jeremy Corbyn

both the conservatives and labour are

committed to breakfast although labour

has promised to fight certain aspects of

mrs. Mayer's

plans in contrast the third and fourth

biggest parties in Parliament the

Scottish National Party with fifty forty

and the Liberal Democrats could nine

have a more Pro II start both parties

want to keep membership as a single

market the Lib Dems want a referendum on

the terms of a breakfast deal where

voters would have the option to keep the

UK in the EU the SNP want another vote

on Scottish independence to take place

around the time of brexit probably in

2019 and that could lead to an

independent Scotland joining the EU in

1979 the biggest parties labour and the

Conservatives won just over 80 percent

of the vote although that share has

fallen below 70 percent in the last

three elects Britain's electoral system

means that smaller parties find it hard

to win seats unless their support is

geographically concentrated

for example the UK Independence Party

which was so influential in EU

referendum has no representation in the

House of Commons it won nearly 4 million

votes at the last election more than the

SNP and the Lib Dem put together but at

one only one seat and later lost it

after the holder defected from the party

the UK electoral system also makes it

possible for parties to win huge

parliamentary majorities in 1997 under

Tony Blair label1 43% of the votes that

63 percent of the fleet this time some

election analysts predict the

Conservative Party could win a similar

land flow of course none of this affects

the House of Lords the UK's upper

chamber that reviews and revises

legislation it's 803 members who are

appointed and not elected are mostly not

conservative but by convention the upper

chamber defers to the House of Commons

where the government has set out its

plan in its election manifesto while

pollsters are pointing to a large

conservative victory on the 8th of June

they have been wrong in the past even

small changes can radically alter the

nature of Britain's Next government as

it leaves the country towards brexit

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