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Hydrophilic vs Hydrophobic | Substances | Cell Membranes

thanks for stopping by this is - in a

classroom and today we're discussing

hydrophilic versus hydrophobic

substances let's start broadly and break

down the words hydro as you may know

means water philic or phil means a

strong attraction or affinity for

something a bibliophile is someone who

loves books and philanthropy literally

means the love of humanity phobic or

phobia on the other hand means fear of

common uses our arachnophobia

fear of spiders and xanthophyll Biya

fear of the color yellow

so hydrophobic means water fearing or

water hating while hydrophilic means

water loving now let's take a more

scientific approach hydrophilic

substances dissolve in water

these include ionic compounds like salts

and polar molecules like alcohols

most ingredients in any drink are

hydrophilic and thus dissolve in water

this is because water is polar and

hydrophilic substances break down to be

surrounded by water hydrophobic

substances however do not easily

dissolve in water

in fact they repel it oils and other

fats as well as nonpolar molecules are

hydrophobic have you ever seen

waterproof fabrics these use hydrophobic

material these concepts become very

important when talking about the cell

membrane or phospholipid bilayer this

membrane has both hydrophobic and

hydrophilic portions and allows our

cells to function properly and safely

I'll make a separate video about the

awesomeness of the cell membrane and

link it below so that's pretty much it

for hydrophilic and hydrophobic if you

have any additional questions throw them

in the comments and be sure to check out

my other videos and subscribe so you

don't miss any great content I also want

to give a quick shout out to miss Morris

and her channel she's a student like

many of you and her videos are truly a

blessing I'll put a link in the

description so check her out and give

her channel some love I'll catch you

next time

you