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10 Animals Created By Humans

it's no secret that humans have a

tenuous relationship with the natural

world from pollution to deforestation

people have often had a destructive

impact on the environment but sometimes

scientists harness animals to create an

entirely new species though some people

believe it is a moral scientists

continue to design bizarre new animals

today we are looking at ten animals

created by humans scientists in Japan

are at the heart of a debate regarding

the ethics of manipulating living

creatures in July of 2019 they approved

the first human animal embryo

experiments in history

Hitomi Sunnah Kochi who leads the team

at the University of Tokyo and Stanford

University in California plans to grow

human cells in mouse and rat embryos and

then transplant those embryos into

surrogate animals naka OGIS ultimate

goal is to produce animals with organs

made of human cells that can eventually

be transplanted into people if we are

able to generate human organs and

animals we could help many many people

Nakuru Chi told the Stanford medicine

magazine last year Japan has overturned

a rule that forbid researchers from

growing animal embryos spliced with

human cells for longer than 14 days naka

aims to grow mouse and rat embryos with

human cells until fourteen and a half

and fifteen and a half days old

respectively according to nature later

he hopes to grow Pig embryos spliced

with human cells for up to 70 days

pending government approval bioethicists

say the research could have unintended

consequences if some of the human cells

were transferred to the animals brain

naka eg told nature however that the

interventions are designed to only

affect the organ that he plans to grow

this animal truly tests the limits of

what is possible in genetic science

South Korean scientists say they have

engineered for beagles that glow red

using cloning techniques that could help

develop cures for human diseases the

four dogs all named rappy a combination

of ruby and puppy look like typical

beagles by daylight but they glow red

under ultraviolet light and the dog's

nails and abdomens which have thin skins

look red even to the naked eye for the

designer bioluminescent buffs out there

red is not the only color for which to

choose the first isolated glowing

protein was a green color from the

jellyfish Aequorea Victoria since then

scientists have experimented with

replacing different molecules within the

protein structure allowing for the

creation of a number of different

colored photo luminescent proteins

ranging through the visible spectrum

including blue yellow cyan orange and of

course red it took nearly 2,000 eggs to

make some 1,000 embryos all of which

produced only one Snuppy but however

inefficient that technology was

groundbreaking and means that in the

future genetically modified animals will

be able to glow in whichever color a

scientist decides again there is an

intense ethical debate raging about this

science but the experiment has been

repeated several times as terrifying as

it sounds Randy Lewis a professor at

Utah State University spliced spider DNA

into the cells of his goats the first

was a goat named freckles who looks and

acts like any of her goat siblings

except for one noticeable difference she

was genetically modified to produce

spider silk in her milk the silk

produced by golden orb weaving spiders

is tougher than Kevlar but has the

elasticity and lightness of nylon that

makes the silk a very valuable substance

the trouble is that it's impractical to

raise spiders to produce enough for

industrial use it took more than a

million spiders and 70 human workers

working for four years to make a single

11 foot by 4 foot piece of fabric that's

where the goats come in now in their

ninth generation these creatures produce

about an ounce of the protein per

milking session yielding several

thousand yards of a single spider silk

thread since then the technology has

been purchased by a Canadian company and

the product is being marketed as bio

steel they sell numerous products for

use in construction the materials they

produce are more than five times

stronger than solid steel

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featherless chickens could be the future

of mass poultry farming in warmer

countries says an Israeli geneticist who

has created a bear skinned prototype the

new chicken would be lower in calories

faster growing environmentally-friendly

and more likely to survive in warmer

conditions claims of Victoria Hunter of

the Hebrew University of Jerusalem he

created his red skinned chicken by

selectively crossing a breed with a

naturally bare neck with a regular

broiler chicken commercial broiler hens

were genetically bred to cause them to

eat more and gain weight fast which

causes their body's metabolism to

operate at higher temperatures than

ordinary chickens their heart rate can

go as fast as 300 beats a minute this

causes them to overheat especially in

warmer climates Kahana developed a breed

that grows no feathers and have no

scales on their legs and feet after six

generations of breeding he was able to

create the featherless Bantam chicken

and then he cross bred until he got a

large sized version there are many

opponents of the featherless chicken

considering it to be a prime result of

bad science solely created to benefit

our consumption needs it is extremely

controversial and has not been widely

adopted since its invention in 2002 at

first glance the Belgian blue cows peers

to be some sort of cartoon superhero

jammed inside a cow's body but this is

not a work of fiction

in fact the Belgian blue cows rigea

nated in central and upper Belgium

Belgian blues are recognizable for their

extremely muscled frame and huge size in

fact they actually develop what is

called double muscling they have

well-defined backs and loins with strong

looking legs and Bulls can often reach a

weight of 1,250 kilograms while cows

weigh about 900 kilograms while double

muscling is natural the way the mutation

has been perpetuated is not the meat

industry selectively breeds animals who

exhibit this mutation to produce bigger

animals and therefore more meat because

of their abnormally large size Belgian

blue cattle often endure a slew of

serious health problems once the calves

are born they may have a number of birth

defects including enlarged tongues which

can make it difficult or even impossible

for them to nurse they may also suffer

from cardio respiratory bone and joint

problems among other ailments as a

result most people consider the breeding

of Belgian blue cows amoral and they are

not popular

many tropical frogs are admired for

their stunning color Asian but glass

frogs go a different route the skin on

their bellies is at least partially

transparent making their internal organs

visible from underneath

now another frog joins these clear

bellied and fib Ian's a remarkable

little creature from Ecuador newly

created by scientists in 2019 the dark

green spots on its back in its call and

reproductive behavior mark it out as

different from already known frogs males

guard the eggs which are attached below

a tree's leaves until they hatch and

fall in the below water stream says Juan

Gua sameen of the universidad san

francisco de Quito in Ecuador I work

with frogs every day and this is one of

the most beautiful species I have ever

seen not all glass frogs have hearts

that are visible through the chest in

some the heart itself is white so you

don't see the red blood says Paul

Hamilton of US nonprofit organization

the biodiversity group scientists

created these frogs as an alternative to

dissection a practice that is

increasingly friend upon in schools

thus students can study a living glass

frog and view its organs without any

sort of cruel operation though it's hard

to believe every 10 minutes another

person is added to the national organ

waiting list in every day more than 20

people die waiting for a donor but what

if it wasn't necessary to wait for an

altruistic human to provide your vital

organs that is why the world's leading

researchers are attempting to splice DNA

and grow organs more quickly in 2017

scientists from the Salk Institute in

California tried to grow the first

embryos containing cells from humans and

pigs the process proved to be more

challenging than expected and was very

inefficient from 2075 implanted embryos

only 186 developed up to the 28-day time

limit for the project our findings may

offer hope for advancing science and

medicine by providing an unprecedented

ability to study early embryo

development and organ formation as well

as a potential new avenue for medical

therapies says Salk professor Juan

Carlos is fasulo Belmonte a senior

author of the paper and a leading expert

in this field though the researchers

have much work ahead of them it is

certain that this field has an extremely

bright future

in March 2019 the Food and Drug

Administration lifted an import

restriction that allowed aqua bounty a

biotech company with facilities in

Canada and Panama to start raising

genetically engineered salmon eggs in

America effectively clearing the way for

the country's first GMO seafood and

first commercially raised GMO animal to

come to market the main difference is

that aqua Bonny's aqua advantage salmon

grows faster than conventional salmon

and therefore gets to market weight in

less time this is desirable for fish

farmers because it means the fish

requires less feed which is one of the

main costs in aquaculture this salmon

contains a growth hormone gene from the

fast-growing Pacific chinook salmon and

a promoter sequence from the ocean pout

combined the gene and promoter sequence

which acts like a nonce which enable the

salmon to grow year-round instead of

seasonally like while they're farm

salmon the FDA evaluated the fast

growing salmon and concluded that it was

as safe as conventional salmon the

agency determined safety by

compositional analysis basically

grinding up genetically engineered

salmon and control fish samples and

comparing them in these analyses the

genetically engineered salmon and wild

Atlantic salmon were not found to differ

human breast milk contains valuable

antibacterial enzymes that milk from

dairy animals did not until now

researchers report that transgenic goats

can successfully produce milk containing

the enzyme lysozyme and that this milk

exhibits an antibacterial effect when

fed to young goats and pigs the

researchers hope that in the future

enhanced non human milk will give an

immune boost to children in the

developing world where diarrhea takes

more than two million lives each year

strange as it seems these animals are

producing human breast milk this will

solve problems where there is a shortage

of breast milk in an area thus feeding

otherwise starving children they should

have an impact particularly on ecoli

based gastrointestinal diseases says Jim

Murray an animal scientist at the

University of California Davis and an

author of the study the team is now

repeating the experiment with pigs that

will be infected with harmful bacteria

to see if the modified milk enhances

their natural immune response as with

all the animals on this list it is

somewhat controversial but many people

accept that this particular case is

worth the ethical ambiguity in order to

save children's lives

though it sounds like an animal out of a

science fiction novel the Z bride is a

real living thing a Z bride is the

offspring of a cross between a zebra and

any other equina usually a horse or a

donkey

zebras belong to the genus Equus and as

such they can cross breed with other

Equus species the resulting hybrid is

almost always sterile the three species

of zebras have between 44 and 62

chromosomes donkeys have 62 and horses

have 64 Z broads were originally bred as

pack animals in Africa for practical

reasons they are more resistant to

certain diseases such as sleeping

sickness and horses or donkeys z broads

for domestic use are bred for the look

of a zebra tempered by the domesticated

nature of a horse or donkey a typical

characteristic of zebra lights is that

their appearance tilts more toward that

of an equine rather than the zebra apart

from adopting the stripes these stripes

are generally confined to some parts of

the body such as the legs or neck their

colors through the legs and belly

usually range between 10 Brown and gray

with a lighter underside making the

stripes stand out further

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