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Why knowing the gender of a French word is important

module now you know that in French we

have masculine words and feminine words

and in today's lesson we are going to

try to understand why it is so important

for you to know the gender of a french

word

so today's objective is to understand

the importance of knowing whether a word

is feminine or masculine

first of all let's concentrate on the

definite and indefinite articles they

tell you what the gender of the word is

please note that most words ending in E

in French are feminine most words ending

with a consonant or not only are

masculine however this is far from being

a strict rule and there are many many

exceptions there is an extensive table

on your support guide which gives you a

few tips on how to recognize masculine

and feminine words but today's lesson is

about the importance of knowing whether

word is feminine or masculine so let me

remind you that know which means that or

and which means a is used in front of a

masculine noun la which is the moon

which is a is used in front of a

feminine nun and Li which means the or

day which means some is used in from of

the plural name regardless if it is

feminine or masculine let me give you an

example here I think the best way to

learn is by showing you some examples

for example no estilo so that the or a

still oh now it is masculine because we

are using learn and in front of it but

because it's masculine la una Fleur okay

so the or a flower if you wanted to put

these words into its plural form it will

be Li or de still Oh with an S okay so

there or some pens

okay now Li or de Fleur some okay

or some flowers okay so you get my grip

here even though Ling or they are used

for both masculine and feminine ants as

you can see knowing the gender of the

noun is still important

so why oh why is it so important to know

if a word is a look

hola only when I'm going to give you

five reasons here because a noun may

come with the following grammatical

influences now you're getting the same

word is grammatical influencer for

example let me give you a an idea with

an example using adjectives all

adjectives agree in number and gender

with a noun they qualify now for example

we take a sentence such as look still

ooh they're a but now we know for in

fact that still ooh is masculine because

we know and we've learnt it look still

oh they're a perche now me that means

the green pen is small now you will

notice that there has a tee just like

the color of there and we haven't added

anything to it and put T remains with

it's masculine form the T so let's

have a look at what happens to the

adjectives when we're using a feminine

word laughs Fleur that a petite now if

you compare it with the masculine word

what happened to its adjectives well yes

we added an ETA didn't we vet and petite

now what happens if we are using the

plural form for pen for example still oh

we want to say the green pens are small

at least till oh they're some putty so

suddenly because we know that it's a

plural and we know it's masculine we're

keeping there in its masculine form that

we've added an S to it because we know

it is plural so it agrees a number and

gender let's have a look at flower now

we want to say the green flowers are

smaller leaf

that some petite so what have we done

here we've added an eat because we know

that it is a feminine word and an S

because we know it is a plural word

though we use Li for both Nan's the

corresponding adjectives still have to

reflects the gender as well as the

number of the nouns so there ve RT s is

masculine plural because still o with an

S is masculine plural also not only the

spelling changes the pronounciation test

T okay so for example you would say

petite petite there that now let's have

a look at the second reason of why it is

so important to know why word is

feminine or masculine so what happened

when using a possessive adjective or a

possessive pronoun once again all

possessive pronouns and adjectives agree

in number and gender with the noun

used so what does it mean when we put

this into practice let's have a look at

this sentence my pen is green so in

French we would say moon still oh hey

there now remember that in terms of

possessive adjectives we use Moumita

Matata and so on it is moon because

still o is masculine so be very careful

with that

it is there not better because moon is

masculine so please have a look at this

very carefully let's have a look at the

pronounce so if we wanted the same mouth

still a move still o ever sorry my pen

is green and we want to say mine is

green again you've got to know the

gender of the word in order to put this

into the correct spelling so we we would

say Lumia a there mine is green okay

because steelo is masculine we say look

and we say Mia and we say there

with no e okay so everything has to

agree okay let's have a look at a

feminine version using the same example

again ma Fleur a vet as you can see I'm

using ma here not mom

why because Fleur is feminine so

therefore I'm using the possessive man

and not mom okay now remember that old

possessive agree with the actual gender

of the word and not with whether it

belongs to you or not

so muffler a vet my flower is green and

then we want to say mine is green mine

so I know that will foster low we said

loom young but it wouldn't be the same

for my flower because flow is feminine

and so therefore we need to use this

possessive pronounced lamian which

agrees with Fleur lamian a left mine is

green have a look at the e at the end of

that because Fleur his feminine okay now

let's have a look at what happens when

we are using a prove role but also a

masculine prove role so we want to say

my pens are green now here we're using

me mes because that is the plural form

of this possessive yeah me steelo so

there have a look at there has an S

because when using still o as a

masculine approve roll word but what

happen if we want to say mine are green

talking about the Stila with the pens

where we would say Li Mia so there look

that everything agrees Li is plural mia

has an S there as an S because it's

plural masculine so what happened then

when we use a plural but feminine but it

would be make Fleur some vet so we use

in the same me mes but vet as an E and

an S at the end and if we wanted the

same mine are green again it's not

Limassol there but because Fleur is

rule because Fleur is feminine then you

would say Li me and some vector okay so

that's the demonstration of how

important it is to know whether word is

feminine or masculine so now let's have

a look at a third indicator a third

indicator showing the importance of

knowing why a word is feminine or

masculine what happens when we change

demonstrative pronouns and adjectives

now all the most rative pronounce and

adjectives agree in number and gender

with the noun used so I've used this

again a same example but what if we

wanted to say this pen is green this one

is green so we're using demonstrative

adjectives and pronounce here so so

still oh hey there so we see a there

this pen is green this one is green so

we're using sir and so you see because

we know that still o is masculine so

what would we use if the word was

feminine where we would say cette Fleur

a that sell si vet so this flower is

green this one is green can you see

what's happening here oh my gosh it's so

hard isn't it

that you have to know actually how to

say this in its masculine form in it's a

feminine form or in its plural form in

order for you to be q8 now let's have a

look at what happens when using these

pens are green these ones are green see

still oh so they're so see so they're or

when using a plural but feminine say

fleurs on that cell see some vet so

these flowers are green

these ones are green let's have a look

at a fourth reason why it is so

important to know whether home where

they

feminine or masculine when we comes

through interrogatives pronounce or

adjectives they also agree in number and

gender with the noun used for example

you want to see what Ben is on the table

now that that's that's quite easy in

English you say what pen is on the

tables and if you wanted to say what

pens are on the tables okay you still

use what okay but in French we don't

we've got to take in consideration with

a pen here is masculine or masculine

plural or is the word feminine of

feminine plural because it all depends

on the spelling of what so for example

can't still oh I see on a table what pen

is on the table so we're using Kel qul

but look at it when it becomes a

pre-roll can still owe some soul a table

what pens are on the table so suddenly

we've added an S to it and not only that

just we kept one L because it is

masculine but what happens when we want

to use a feminine word here in our

interrogatives

Ken Lafleur is really table see what

happens Kel Fleur s roulette table

what flower is on the table Kel is

spelled Double L II why because Fleur is

feminine now have a look at it when it

becomes a pre-roll so not only is it

feminine but it is so clear all we've

got to take that in consideration so Kel

e double n es okay Kel Fleur some seola

tab what flowers are on the table okay I

know it's hard and you must thing or I

will never remember but that's okay

because in French the sound for what is

Cal no matter how you spell it if that

makes sense but it's still important for

you if you want to be accurate it's

important for you to know that knowing

the feminine and masculine is quite

important now a fifth reason is what

happens when conjugating a verb now the

subject pronoun has to agree with the

number and gender of the noun it

replaces

okay I know I've lost a few already but

what does it mean

replacing the nun by a subject pronoun

for example still ooh there now the

green pen you want to say for example no

steal oh hey there okay

the pen is green but you don't want to

repeat the pen instead you want to

replace it by a subject pronoun now I

remind you that the subject pronoun is

sure to ill and Nouveau ill Ella

well if you were to replace Lucy Liu by

a subject pronoun it would have to be he

because still o is masculine so we would

say in effect he is greener ill a ver

and I know that in English you use it

you would say it for an object but we

don't everything you look at in French

is either a he or she

so for steelo in there so what happens

for flower then we want to say Lafleur a

vet instead of saying Lafleur we want to

replace it by a subject pronoun we want

to say she she is green okay

el vet okay so be careful again you've

got to know the gender of your word in

order to replace it by the right subject

pronoun let's have a look at what if you

replace the subject pronoun by less

steel o less steel oh so there now the

pens are green okay we want to say they

are green okay well in French we would

say ela ILS we will use the masculine

plural version of that because still o

is masculine plural well done so the

same with flowers we don't we want to

use them but we want to use the feminine

plural version well done okay so leave

Fleur soon that the flowers are green

okay and we are using el some vet

eatable el es remember we have two ways

of saying they in French

as I said to you there is no such a

thing as it I can French so everything

has to be he or she no matter if it's a

door or a girl

we are referring to now when it comes to

past participial agreement of number and

gender when using the auxiliary verb

etre in the past composite the past

participle must agree as well

in gender and number with the subject so

let me give you the list of ally in a

past tense and have a look at how the

spelling varies as well depending on

whether we are talking about feminine

feminine plural masculine masculine

plural have a look at this just weaselly

can happen e if she is a girl as well to

a le can have an e if you to refers to a

girl

II literally stays masculine because

it's ela and Italy has two is because

it's always feminine nous sommes le can

have an e if nu is a bunch of girls

visit le can have an E and an S if we

are referring to a bunch of girls okay

but it can't have an e on

s if you are referring to someone who is

in 12 okay

in some tally is because L is masculine

plural and and Santelli always has an en

and s because we know for a fact we are

talking about a feminine and plural form

of subject pronouns so be careful here

then the e will only be needed if to

Nuvo are referring to subject feminine

subject sorry valid so you're going to

say to me

wait a minute Alex ah how what happens

if I am a group of girls and boys and we

want to say nous sommes Ally but within

that group it's not only girls it's boys

as well

well grammatically speaking the boys

boys are always stronger

I said grammatically speaking here okay

so what you do is use the plural

masculine

okay no matter whether there is a girl

in the group okay okay that's it for me

there is a support guide available to

this very complicated lesson at learned

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