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Common Core Literature 3: How do Readers Organize Ideas in a Text?

welcome to on-demand instructions video

about the strategies and organizing

ideas in a text this presentation is

based on the common core standards in

literature we will cover common core

literature standard 3 to analyze how the

author unfolds an analysis or series of

ideas or events including the order in

which the points are made how they are

introduced and developed and the

connections that are drawn between them

here we're going to define the different

types of organizational strategies for

text find out when each type of

organization is useful and learn to

identify these organizational strategies

in a text based on previous discussions

we already know that texts have a main

idea and several supporting ideas

however the main and supporting ideas

can be arranged in different ways in a

text we also know that transitions can

be used to indicate relationships

between ideas and tell us how the ideas

of a text are linked writers can

organize ideas in a text in different

ways the general to specific

organization begins with a general

statement followed by specific examples

this organization is very common and

quite easy to spot as a general

statement is often followed by specific

details the general statement serves as

the topic sentence of that particular

text here are some examples of

transitions that can be used writers can

also use an opposite strategy specific

to general organization writers start

with specific details and sum it up with

a main idea the main idea makes a

summary of what the details in the

preceding ideas add up to in the

chronological or sequential organization

the ideas are presented in sequence

these sentences usually talk about a

single event in the sentences are

arranged such that the events are

presented in the order that they

happened should happen or will happen

the chronological sequential

organization is used to walk a reader

through a process or a series of events

and transitions are often used to keep

of which event comes first the cause and

effect organization divides text into

two parts it may start with the clause

enlist the subsidy and then list the

subsequent effects it made also start

with start with the effects and proceed

to give the clauses either way it

explains the reason the reasons behind

events and also the results of certain

factors phrases which indicate that they

are arranged in the cause and effect

organization can sometimes have the

following indicators spatial

organization shows ideas that convey

positions of parts places or objects in

space they are easily identified with

indicator transitions like the following

the analysis or classification

organization organizes ideas in terms of

parts functions or types of a thing

specific clues that indicate this

organizational strategy include phrases

like has several parts there are a

number of types of has several functions

and is made of a number of components

order of importance organizes ideas in

terms of how relevant or important they

are in supporting the main idea the more

important ideas can be placed first to

ensure that they can be read first

writers can also choose to put the more

important ideas at the end of the text

to build up the argument to a strong and

final statement here are some examples

of indicator transitions for order of a

peer of importance

comparison and contrast organization

shows similarities and differences

differences between two or more things

comparison and contrast can be organized

in two ways they can use the block

technique in which they talk about all

the characteristics of one item before

talking about all the characteristics of

the contrasting item they can also use

the point by point technique comparing

each items characteristic with their

counterparts before moving on to the

next characteristic indicator

transitions exist for both comparison

and contrast contrast transitions

contain a characteristic that is

different from the characteristics given

in the previous idea now let's examine

examples of each type of organizational

strategies shown in the general to

specific organization the first sentence

is the generalized topic sentence while

the succeeding sentences are specific

details indicator transitions such as

for example and also are present in this

specific to general organization the

first three sentences contain specific

details the generalized topic sentence

comes at the end summarizing what the

specific details have been saying in the

chronological sequential organization

sentences are arranged according to

which events happen first in this

example the transitions first then next

after and now are used to denote the

position of the ideas in time for

causing a

the first statement contains the

indicator phrase will have impacts which

signifies that the sentence is a cause

which will be followed by effects in the

next statements the paragraph starts

with the cause and proceeds to show the

effects of that particular cause in

spatial organization the phrases on the

desktop beside that in the top drawer

and in the bottom drawer specify the

relative positions of objects in

relation to the desk this example of the

analysis classification organization

shows that the part of a Greek monster

known as the Chimera the indicating

phrase is contains several parts

followed by a description of those parts

in this example of order of importance

organization the details are arranged

from the least to most important the

transitions in addition and most

importantly indicate this and the

overall effect is that the paragraph has

a strong and emphatic final point

finally this example of comparison and

contrast shows a point-by-point contrast

and first points out the characteristic

of women and then contrasts it with the

equivalent characteristic in men it uses

contrast transitions like on the other

hand and unlike let's practice

identifying multiple organizational

strategies in a sample paragraph can you

identify the organizational strategies

in this paragraph it begins with the

general statement then proceeds to

support it with specific details so it's

general to specific the supporting

sentences about ways in which global

warming can wreak havoc show that the

general statement is the cause and the

supporting sentences are effects

transitions such as also and last but

not least show that the supporting

sentence are organized by order of

importance

with the most important detail being

placed in the final sentence and let's

try another paragraph here not only does

the paragraph describe the parts in an

analysis classification organization it

also tracks their position in a spatial

organization our transition is always

reliable in identifying organizational

strategies transitions as well as

indicator phrases can often be used to

identify the organizational strategy

used by the text transitions are useful

in identifying text organization as long

as they are looked at together with

other clues that can be seen while

reading the entire paragraph detects

always employ these organizational

strategies texts are most often

organized not to be confusing to the

reader the organizational strategies

presented here are the most common

organizational strategies that we find

in many texts but other organizational

strategies still exist are their

organizational strategies their income

that are incompatible with each other

the organizational strategies that we've

just covered can be mixed and matched

freely however some organizations are

easier to combine than others in this

lesson we have established that writers

use different organizational strategies

to convey different ideas and what the

different types are for further reading

try using the online resources for

organizational strategies from these

websites don't forget to

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