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Pneumothorax for Nursing(collapsed lung) Animation, Treatment, Decompression, Pathophysiology

Hey, so, pneumothorax can cause a lot of pain, a lot anxiety for our patients.

So, let s talk about how we can identify pneumothorax, what s going on, and what are some of our

treatments.

Okay, when we talk about pneumothorax, we re talking about air getting in to the thoral

space.

So, here s our lungs, we have our left lung and our right lung.

And, surrounding that lung, we have what s called the pleura.

Okay, the pleura is a little protecting covering that surrounds our lungs.

And, that s a great thing. It helps protect our lungs, it helps

our heart expand, it helps everything with respirations, to protection and everything.

But what can happen is, our lungs is gonna develop these little blebs on it. These blebs

are little tiny-like vesicles there and what can happen with those blebs, is they can rupture.

Okay, and once they rupture, you could imagine that air comes rushing out of our lung and

it begins to fill that thoral space. Now, there s really nowhere for that air to go

other than this pleural cavity. So what happens is, the air begins to compress this lung down.

The lung becomes compressed as this space fills with air. Okay, so, that s what we call

a collapsed lung. It s this air filling up in here It can t escape, it can t get out

of this thoral space. So, it pushes the lung in, okay. That s a pneumothorax. Now, what

do we do with a patient who has a pneumothorax? As you imagine, it can cause a lot of anxiety,

it can cause a lot of pain. So, what the physician can do is they can cut a little slice, little

incision here and they can insert a chest tube. Okay, so the tube will go in right to

that where that air is collecting within the pleural space and it will allow that air to

come out. Okay? Now, when the physician enters that, it really does sounds almost like opening

a can of soda or something. They enter that space and to know that they are in, you re

kinda get a sound of like cracking open a soda (Tsss) and as that air rushing out. Okay.

So, as we allow that air to come out, the lung tissue then begin to expand again as

that air escapes and releases that pressure that it has on the lung. Okay. So, this is

Jon with NRSNG.com. If you want more free NCLEX videos and free NCLEX courses, go to