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Make a Cup of Coffee Starting From Scratch | Coffea arabica | Video

this machine you see here is a

hand-cranked coffee mill you can see it

has this drum in the back with these

knobs on it and this is these knobs will

tear off the flesh of coffee cherry

exposing the coffee beans you put the

coffee cherry up here at the top and

coffee beans raw coffee beans will come

out here and you can then set them out

in the Sun to dry for a few days this is

this is the first step in making coffee

is you have to do to process the raw

coffee cherries and get the beans out

what we're gonna do today is we're gonna

make a cup of coffee but we're gonna

start from scratch we're gonna start out

here in a coffee orchard we'll pick some

ripe coffee cherries process them dry

them roast them and grind them and

finally we'll have our cup of coffee but

it's going to take several days so we're

going to need to get started right away

and it all starts out here in a coffee

orchard it starts with these ripe coffee

cherries the first thing we're gonna

need is a pickers basket let's see if I

can figure out how to put this thing on

the basket we'll hang off the front off

my front and this should go on my back

it's a little bit of a tangle but I'll

see if I can get it on

you see it's cloudy and probably it's

going to rain pretty soon this is a

perfect climate for growing coffee

coffee trees grow at elevation in the

tropics and they love rain I don't know

how much rain it gets on this farm here

but it is probably over a hundred fifty

inches a year

in fact it may start raining on us now

so we're going to have to hurry if we

come up and look at a healthy tree

you'll see that there's a large stump on

the bottom and then every few years as

the tree grows it gets cut off and has

to Reese Prout from the stump this is

done to keep the coffee cherries to keep

them coming out and forming if this just

was allowed to turn into a large tree

you wouldn't get this many of the coffee

cherries so this is done entirely for

production

now here's another stump and you can see

how many times it's been cut in the past

but it keeps growing and it keeps

producing coffee cherries as a coffee

picker we're gonna get paid by the

weight we want to pick the red ones off

and I want to leave the green ones and

the yellow ones on a cheaper coffee the

temptation is to pick them all real

quick to zip them all off the stem all

at the same time and of course that's

going to affect the flavor of the coffee

it's going to have more of a salary

taste so pick the cherries off and put

them in our bucket

all right this represents about ten

minutes worth of work on one coffee tree

normally when we're harvesting coffee

cherry like this there'll be a crew of

maybe 10 or 15 people and they can

harvest one or two thousand pounds of

coffee per day and it will go to a large

scale mill up the road he won't go we

won't use something small like this but

we're gonna make one cup of coffee today

so we'll use this Hand Crank mill and

we'll see what happens

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okay I'm gonna stop for a minute and

let's look in the back you can see the

husks are falling out underneath the

machine this little drum peels the husks

off and leaves the seats it separates

the two

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all right this is what you wind up with

you can see the husks down at the bottom

here the red Huff's and you can see

chickens don't really like them

and over in the box you can see the raw

coffee beans the next step will be to

take the coffee beans and to lay them

out in the Sun for a few days to dry

all right our coffee sat out in the Sun

for four days and is now dry you can see

there's a layer of skin on the outside

of the coffee bean it's known as

parchment so there's basically a green

coffee bean with this tan colored

parchment on the outside if you're ever

going to store coffee this is the best

way to do it but if you want a roast

coffee you'll have to take the parchment

skin off in which case you'll be left

with something known as green coffee

which we have right here green coffee is

parchment coffee with the parchment

removed and it's ready for roasting you

can see there's a very fine skin on the

outside of the green coffee known as

silver skin what that comes off

naturally during roasting so the next

step for us will be to remove the

parchment from our coffee because we

don't have very much there's some very

tricky little techniques we can use

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okay the key here to roasting coffee in

a pan is to keep it stirred up keep it

moving

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it's been about three or four minutes

into this and you can see it's starting

to turn brown slightly also some of the

silver skin chaff is coming off you can

see that in the pan as well

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we're at the stage now they call first

crack and you can hear them popping like

popcorn

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now I'm not an expert on roasting coffee

but this does look like something that I

could drink so I'm going to take this

and put it into a colander now

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you can see all the silver skin that has

come through the colony onto the stove

underneath we'll let that cool down and

then we'll try some

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and there you have it from the farmers

field

to the coffee cup some fine Kona coffee

tastes great

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