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How Are Almonds Grown? Part 1

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what's going on guys welcome to the Volk

ranch youtube channel today we're going

to be focusing on the Amin's the almonds

i talked about in the first video just a

little bit coming out here and just

starting off we're gonna talk about kind

of the crop itself how they're grown and

how we kind of get started and get to

where they are at now and just kind of

the basics of almond farming there's a

ton that goes into it I could there

could be hours of video and episodes on

the ammon so we're gonna try and keep it

pretty basic like I said in the first

video almonds are grown on a tree and

this is what they look like at this

stage we're now weird it's actually June

first today so this is what they look

like at this stage this isn't obviously

you're not going to pick this out at the

store to eat this almonds are a seed and

so we actually have there's this outer

hole and then inside this hole there's a

shell and then inside the shells the

ammon so I'll break this apart real

quick for you and so you can see inside

I gotta use my mouth to open these

because these are really solid tight

right now

so you can see there's this outer hole

there's this outer hole here and then

there's a shell beginning to form around

the the amat itself and here's the

actual Amman almond and right now it's

pretty soft like I can squish it it's

just mmm squish it and it's just got a

lot of moisture in it but you can see

it's starting to it's got its shape that

it needs and it's just really soft right

now still forming so we as the growers

we take care of the trees we were the

ones who put all the money into planting

them doing all the work

getting the sprinklers going making sure

they're getting water getting bees for

pollination all the things that they

need going on and on and I'll go over

more kind of in depth of what we do

exactly for farming but that's what we

do once we're once we harvest them then

they'll get sent to a hole or in shell

or who will take that hole off take that

shell off and all you have left is that

Amman and then from there that'll get

sent for us and goes to blue diamond and

so we market our Amin's with blue

diamond and a great great awesome

company to coop you know so it's grower

owned maybe a little later on we can see

if we can get some get some guys from

blue diamond out here we can kind of do

an interview with them and kind of kind

of get to know them better and get to

talk with them but so that's who we

market Auriemma to so the whole ER and

Cheryl Shelley will send it to them

they'll go through they'll do all the

they'll pick out the bad ones cuz

there's gonna be bad just any crop

there's gonna be bad ones

they'll go through pick them out size

them they'll sword them and then package

them and send them off to you guys to

send them off to the stores for you guys

to grab okay so kind of I'm gonna walk

you through try and do this as quick as

possible how we get these and orchards

the way they are today so first things

first we have to deep rip the ground

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you

now the reason we have to deep rip is

because the soil here in the Central

Valley especially in our area about two

three feet down some areas four feet

down we have a layer of soil called hard

pan and it's exactly what it sounds like

it is concrete hard rock solid the roots

can't penetrate through it for these

trees because these trees we want the

roots there you want them to go down at

least about six feet and they can't get

past that hard pan it cannot penetrate

through that hard pan through that

basically concrete layer so we have to

have like I showed you those big giant

bulldozers so we'll have D tens D 11s

depends on how how deep your hard pan is

how thick it is to be able to break it

up and they have that giant shank on the

back that's in the ground it's about six

feet we try and get them to bury it as

deep as they can six feet down and then

that just goes through and rips up the

ground and it kind of pulls up those big

chunks then we have to have I didn't

have a video of it we have to have these

big discs come through huge double discs

come through break up those clods smooth

out that dirt so we're ready to plant

next step would be installing air and

get fresh I was installing irrigation

lines I didn't have a video of that

either I'll pry it put some pictures

maybe if I can

but we got to install all the

underground irrigation lines because we

like we said we've got these irrigation

lines here that we have to water the

trees they need water here in the

Central Valley we don't get a lot of it

during the summer the next step is

planting

and so we do what's called mechanical

planting a lot of guys will hand plant

where I'll actually have crews come out

and dig a hole

plant the tree fill the tree in and go

to the next one which takes a ton of

time a lot of labor cost a lot of money

we do what's called mechanical planting

like I showed you in the video with the

tractor it's got the disks makes the

furrow as it's going and I was doing

that there's a couple guys on the back

there's guy who plants it as that dirt

and goes over it covers it up and then

usually there's a couple guys walking

behind those and they'll sand they'll

lean the tree

the reason they leaned the tree is

because we have what's called the

prevailing winds and so from the Delta

and Stockton we get these winds and they

blow from a north northwest to southeast

direction and so we plant the trees in a

Northwest angle because we know that

that winds going to blow those trees and

eventually it's going to raise their

straight in those trees out and so we

don't want to plot them straight because

then they'll just tip over especially in

these strong winds that we'll get so we

get them planted and now they're ready

to go now that we've got them planted

basically for the next three years all

we're doing is taking care of this tree

so now they're at this stage now so

these trees actually right here are six

leaf trees so they're at this stage now

and we got our normal growing season so

in February beginning of February that's

when the trees will start to bloom

they're coming out of dormancy they're

waking up for the spring and so they'll

put off like a lot of plants and trees

do they'll put off these so they have

they grow these flowers

and then that's why we need the bees to

come in and pollinate those flowers

so that we can have a crop that's how

you get the Amin's they have to be

pollinated by bees so they've been

pollinated and then now we got started

taking care of from mowing irrigating

and we got to be really conscious about

our irrigation and then about for us the

end of August it's time to harvest

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