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Stop using VPNs for privacy.

so a lot of you probably already know

about the whole nor DPN drama but those

of you unaware basically a very famous

very shield VPN service called Nord VPN

got hacked somewhere in 2018 basically

one of the servers got compromised and

the attacker was able to get access to

all the data that was going through the

server for the whole month until North

EPN discovered it and shut the whole

thing down now I've been meaning to do

this video for a while now and the whole

lore DPN situation was just an

additional motivation sort of and in

this video I want to tell you that you

probably shouldn't be using a VPN at all

while with a few minor exceptions of

course let's get started

first of all full disclosure a lot of

what I'm gonna say in this video is

based on this very good github just like

joepie 91 in which he described why one

should be using VPN services and I agree

on a lot of what he says but I want to

extend it and kind of elaborate on some

points that I disagree on thing is a lot

of DBM providers employ so-called

bait-and-switch tactics which means they

advertise one thing and at the end you

get something completely different that

you didn't sign up for they all have

those flashy websites and advertisements

where they promise you ultimate privacy

and absolute protection from any kind of

track you know spying or what-have-you

whereas actually VPNs don't really

protect your privacy or anything the

only thing a VPN server does is it takes

all of your web traffic and it passes it

through itself so that your internet

service provider or your employer

doesn't see what websites exactly you

visit it only sees the VPN address and

that's basically it your privacy is not

going to be magically improved by just

using the VPN because you still use your

real IP address to log into VPN service

and even though pretty much every VPN

service says that they don't log your

activities they have a no lock policy

and trusting those claims is the only

thing can do really there's no way to

check whether your provider actual logs

activities or not there is no

transparency about it ever besides if

you're using VPN service to connect to

your online accounts such as Twitter

Facebook or Instagram it becomes really

easy to trace your identity to VPN

service and it kind of defeats the

purpose of using VPN for privacy to be

honest so the only thing you're

accomplishing by using VPN service is

hiding your web activity from one

untrustworthy party that is your

internet service provider and showing it

to another one possibly even more

untrustworthy moreover if a VPN service

that you using is based in US is obliged

by law to provide any kind of user data

that it has including your data also and

in a lot of cases those requests are

also accompanied by a so-called gag

order which means that the company is

obliged to submit any kind of user

information that it has and it's also

obliged to keep silent about it some VPN

providers can also potentially work as a

honeypot they basically operate on an

assumption that if you're using APN you

probably have something to hide are you

doing something not

legal means sure you might be just a

law-abiding privacy conscious citizen

but you also might be a script kitty or

a drug dealer or an activist and

journalists this also gives EPN services

an additional incentive to keep the data

to lock the data because who knows maybe

there's gonna be something interesting

in there that they could use against you

even also there are some drawbacks to

using VPN services that are not directly

related to privacy but are pretty

inconvenient regardless every VPN

service has a limited range of IP

addresses so in some cases especially if

you use a very well-known VPN service

your internet service provider and the

websites that you're visiting will know

that you use a certain VPN which might

draw attention to you some websites go

as far as blocking all of the known VPN

IP ranges which means you probably get

used to this kind of messages because

you'll be seeing them a lot this point a

lot of you especially those who are more

well-versed and the privacy stuff might

say well okay sure VPN services are bad

everyone knows about it but what about

self hosting a VPN on a cheap virtual

private server that could be better

right if you have some basic knowledge

of the linux shell and thirty minutes of

free time you can basically set up a

fully working VPN server for just a

fraction of costs of those VPN services

and at the first glance this option

sounds great but there's a catch and the

catch is called openvz openvz is a

virtualization technology that basically

99.9% of cheap BPS providers use now the

thing about open museu it's a container

based virtualization technology which

means all the VMS on a host share the

same kernel and currently the majority

of cheap VPS providers use openvz

version 6 which ships Linux kernel

version 2.6 point 32

a big portion of newer software doesn't

even support kernels that are that old

you want to run docker or maybe you want

to set up a wire guard VPN no you can't

and I didn't even get to the best part

due to the container based nature of

openvz your VPS provider can basically

snoop on everything you're doing in your

virtual machine that's right your

provider can basically see your process

in real time has full access to your

storage it is absolutely impossible to

encrypt your hard drive when you're

running a openvz based virtual machine

so everything you're doing in your

virtual machine is basically an

open-book for a provider with other

virtualization technologies such as KVM

and Zen it is still possible to snoop on

you in seventies but it usually involves

dumping the RAM of your virtual machine

which is much more difficult and time

consuming so yeah basically stay away

from open musi based VPS and pick

something that has KVM or zem based

virtualization however you might notice

that open musi based Virtual Private

servers are much cheaper than KVM or Xen

based ones reason over-provisioning

openvz allows a virtual machine to

borrow resources from another virtual

machine that is currently not using any

resources as a result a lot of VPS

providers sell more virtual machines

that they can afford resource wise some

VPS providers will actually go as far as

suspending or terminating your virtual

machine if you've been using it to its

full potential stating that you've been

overusing their resources it actually

happened to me once so so if you're

gonna host your own DPN for which there

are valid reasons I'm going to talk

about them at the end of this video be

sure to pick a KVM or a Zen based one

don't cheap out do keep in mind though

that a lot of what I've said about VPN

services actually holds true for self

hosted VPNs you still need to make sure

that your VPS provider is not based in

the country where it can be forced to

give out all the data and you still need

to take systematic measures to improve

your privacy and even if you host your

own VPN on trustworthy VPS where you

encrypt your hard drive and you and you

don't keep any logs VPNs are still not a

silver bullet that will make you

magically invincible to all the spyware

and all the tracking and invisible to

CIA FBI

and we'll have you now are there valid

reasons to use a VPN of course of course

there are here's some valid cases for

using a VPN you're on an open network

for example Airport or cafe Wi-Fi you're

at work or university and you want to

hide your browsing history from your

employer or your university you want to

circumvent censorship and access content

that is blocked by your ISP or in your

country and finally you want to torrent

Linux iOS in a country that is known to

be very hostile and very strict about

piracy so that's basically all one to

say Oh almost forgot to mention our

today sponsor you I want to say a huge

thanks to my patrons Mitchell villains

you know Christopher rate area newer

gamer and everyone else supports this

channel thank you for watching and I'll

see you soon

bye