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The Bike - A new way of understanding sentence structure (Session 1)

welcome to a new way of understanding

sentence structure

if grammar and punctuation have been

confusing you've come to the right place

there's a simple way to understand

sentence structure a simple way to know

how to punctuate sentences correctly the

key is a bike the bike emerged from 20

years experience teaching grammar and

writing and it's been published in a

textbook by Pearson an easy guide to

writing will be summarizing some of the

information found in that textbook the

bike is easy to understand and easy to

remember so let's start a sentence is

like a bike it has two wheels

who or what and what about it

these two wheels connect to form a

stable structure the sentence here are

two examples children play students

studied their both sentences first one

who are watchin what about them play

second one who are what students what

about them studied these are barebone

sentences most the time we put more

details around these simple words so I'm

just going to add some more details I'm

going to scribble them in the

neighborhood children play basketball

every weekend

that's adding more detail more

information to the sentence students in

the biology lab or just let's say in the

lab studied cells under an electron

microscope now this is messy I know but

it gives you the idea we have the who

are what the neighborhood children what

about them play basketball every weekend

students in the lab or a biology lab

what about them studied cells under an

electron microscope now here you can see

it it's not so messy we have the two

wheels who are what what about it let's

go who are what neighborhood children

what about those children they play

basketball every weekend

who or what students in the biology lab

what about them studied cells under an

electron microscope we have two

sentences because we have a who or what

connected to a what about it regardless

of how much detail we add the wheels

give the same kind of information the

front wheel tells us who or what and the

back wheel tells us what about it so

let's take some examples who are what

key lime pie what about it is our

favorite dessert Marissa and John have

asked us over for dinner who or what or

a sin John what about them have asked us

over for dinner two wheels the

four-month-old baby now sleeps through

the night who are wat the four month old

baby what about it now sleeps through

the night the children's dreams have

come true who or what the children's

dreams what about them have come true

construction on the interstate will

begin in June who are what construction

on the interstate what about that again

so if you have a what and what

about it you have a sentence and that's

your key if you want to know whether or

not you've written a sentence ask if you

have those two wheels do you have a who

or what and what about it and if you do

you have a sentence the sentences can be

long or short so as a review let's just

do it one more time

who or what someone what about that

someone has sent us flowers

he smiles this is really short but you

have two parts you have a whole lot and

you have a what about it so you have a

sentence how you play the game makes all

the difference it's a sentence how do I

know who or what how you play the game

well what about how you play the game

well it's all the difference what goes

around comes around

who or what what goes around what about

it

I was right everyone in my family loves

pizza

who or what every one of my family what

about them loves pizza the key is the

bike if you have a who or what and what

about it you have a sentence these two

wheels connect to form a stable

structure so when you're writing

remember that the reader is looking for

the who or what and what about it so

make sure you have two wheels and when

you're reading look for the who or what

and what about it well that's it for

session one for more information on the

bike and sentence structure check out

these videos Session two bikes and

baskets session three bikes and more

baskets in session for fragments the

bike will take you where you need to go

enjoy the ride