a

Monmouth Animated Battle Map! - Construction Paper Battlefield #13

the frigid winter of 1778 was the most

uncertain of times for a nation vine for

its independence the British Empire was

entering its fourth year of trying to

quell the uprising of the American

colonies General William Howe had

captured a rebel capital of Philadelphia

forcing its Congress to flee into the

countryside but at the price of six

thousand royal soldiers captured near

Saratoga New York in response how is

relieved of command

his replacement Lieutenant General Henry

Clinton at 48 years of age the native

Newfoundlander had many military stints

across the world including a commission

in the New York militia thanks to

connections his colonial nature was set

aside allowing him to gain a seat on

Parliament in 1772 his wife passed away

that same year followed by his eldest

son two years thereafter the rebellion

in the colonies allowed him to escape

his grief making landfall in Boston in

1775 now he found himself with the most

powerful British position in America

standing in the capital of the rebellion

and now he would have to make an

unpopular move On February 6 1778 the

Treaty of alliances was signed between

France and the United States

unofficially France had declared war

upon its greatest rival yet again for

Clinton it meant that Philadelphia could

be blocked from the Atlantic by the

French Navy Clin decide to avoid such a

calamity and prepared for the evacuation

of Philadelphia and returned to bolster

the defenses of New York City as for

General George Washington the news was

one of the thousand things running

through his mind failure to protect and

recapture Philadelphia led to several

officers and Congress men to conspire to

have Washington replaced by Saratoga's

Victor Horatio gates known as the Conway

cabal its plans were quickly brought

down by Washington's most loyal men

among them being the revolutionary

devoted Marquis de Lafayette

abolitionists minded John Lorenz and

quill powered Alexander Hamilton the

cabal made it all the more clear of how

badly in need the Continental Army

needed to be overhauled enter Frederick

Wilhelm von Steuben

whose adaptation of the Prussian

military rule book to the American Way

of fightin prepared the Continental Army

to be ready to retake Philadelphia even

with these reforms critics abound in

April that year Major General Charles

Lee returned to the Continental Army

after a year's prisoner the 46 year old

was cut from English cloth but fallen

his services for the British crown in

North America during the Seven Years War

he grew fond at the freedoms one had and

living within the colonies his

impressive length of service he hoped

would garner him the commanding rank

he's so coveted unable to receive it

with the British he sides with the

Patriot cause but has one major flaw his

horrible temper has made him unpopular

for out his service at one time wrong at

a surgeon who in return tried to kill

the general his outspoken nature

garnered him the mohawk name vana water

iike boiling water

in fact Lee was captured in 1776 as a

consequence for delaying at a tavern

just to read a correspondence condemning

Washington's leadership following the

loss of New York City and upon his

return to command in May of 1778 felt

the cause of the revolution was lost

even with Stephens improvements Lee had

no faith that Washington could win a

battle to retake the capital there would

be no battle after the lane to hear word

of a peace offer that was flatly

rejected Clinton hastily moved some

20,000 British soldiers and loyalist

refugees to the New Jersey side of the

Delaware clearing out Philadelphia by

the 18th of June the ball was now in the

American Court Washington wishes to

pounce upon the British column but his

staff has split the majority of the

foreign officers including Lee and

Stephen opposed such a bold action Lee

argues the war is now in the hands of

the French it is ironic then that

Lafayette is among the party of officers

adamant for action Washington makes a

compromise he entrusts William Maxwell's

New Jersey Brigade as well as multiple

companies of militia to harass the

British baggage-train

while the main column was shadow the

routes of evacuation in the early

morning of the 18th the Kannada Army the

parted Valley Forge and crosses the

Schuylkill River

both armies become bogged down

and their initial advance by a

combination of stifling days and rainy

nights by the 22nd Clinton had only

managed to make it to Mount Holly

quicken is March Clinton would split his

force upon two roads the first division

cuts Northup on the road toward

Allentown commanded by one the very few

in Parliament that voted against the

Stamp Act Lieutenant General Cornwallis

but his sympathies for the colonists

were long gone he had been the one to

let the Continental Army slip across the

Delaware in 1776 now he found himself

being the prey having his a van screen

by Alexander lesss Brigade who

skirmished with Dickinson's militia

across wyx Creek in Bordentown meanwhile

lieutenant general na fashions division

consisted mainly of the baggage train

and proceeded unmolested toward the

crossroads at Emma's town by the 24th

both opposing commanders had to make yet

another decision for both New Jersey

provided little and morale advantage as

loyalists and Patriots were evenly split

across the landscape to head north by

land would mean crossing several rivers

overlaying ill-fitting for forging for

an army rapidly dwindling and supplies

instead Clinton will move to the point

of Sandy Hook in a way to be ferried by

sea back to New York City concurrently

wash and saw an opportunity if he could

make a quick strike against the British

column he may be able to pull off his

own Saratoga caption or at least

destroying a portion of Clinton's army

but once again Lee and several other

officers opposed the bold strategy once

more I figured and several others argue

in favor of a full-on attack yet again

Washington must compromise he will send

a detachment of picked riflemen under

the command of Daniel Morgan to aid

Maxwell and Dickinson's harassment of

Clinton's column from Rocky Hill

Washington detached approximately five

thousand men and intends to have

Lafayette strike the British column Lee

however convinces the commanding general

to give himself leadership of the

attachment after all Lee will stay in

command of the entire army and outranked

a young Lafayette Washington agrees but

very quickly Lee finds themselves from

by officers who he knows little about

flee advances eats NASA shins men and

camp in the vicinity of freehold

otherwise known as Monmouth courthouse

aside from the county's judicial Hall

most of the community was sparsely

populated and consisted of several farms

perfect for foraging by June 27th the

rest of the army had joined while Lee

was within a few miles west at

Englishtown Washington Road ahead to

reinforces his ire for lead to strike

but Lee soon claimed two subordinates he

had no proper intelligence indicates

such an action could occur the stage was

now set for the longest single day clash

of the American Revolution

June 28 1778 opened with a sweltering

dawn Clinton I hope to beat the heat and

made preparations for his army to move

out of Monmouth and to begin the 20-mile

march north toward Middletown filmin

Dickinson had encamped ismailism in just

three and a half miles west from town

upon the grounds of the tenant

Presbyterian meeting house from here

around 4:30 a.m. he sends word to Lee

that the British are preparing to move

Lee began to organize his division but

delays in acquiring the proper Scouts

and organizing his brigades meant that

he did not get moving until 7:30

by that time von Stuben and a group of

officers including Lawrence had rode as

close as they could to the British line

hoping to determine the best approach of

attack instead they found themselves

spotted by British tour goons these were

the four hundred men of the Queen's

Rangers skilled team of light infantry

that were the brainchild of the famed

Robert Rogers now commanded by John

Graves Simcoe Simcoe had been seeking

the former regiment of freed black men

from Boston but had now garnered infamy

for using the Rangers as a lethal weapon

most recently with the nitrate upon a

comb quartering Patriot militia killing

10 of them with the bayonet Simcoe

quickly moves in hot pursuit of punch

Toyman sends it a chance to bag some of

the Patriots most elite officers that

gets stopped along the Englishtown road

but Dickinson's militia who forced

several volleys into the oncoming horses

the Rangers retreat back to town Lee

arrived at the meeting house around 8

a.m. with the latest orders from

Washington bring on an engagement or

attack as soon as possible unless some

very powerful circumstances forbid it

but when Lee meets with his officers he

finds conflicting accounts filled with

hesitation Dickinson notes that the lone

bridge across the Spotswood Brook could

be easily turned into a choke points and

that scouts indicate the presence of

British forces on either side of the

road Oh waiting to ambush Lee merged

together William Grayson's Virginians

Richard Butler's pict battalion and

Henry Jackson's additional regiments to

form an ad-hoc units for Brigadier

General mad Anthony Wayne to command

while Wayne cautiously advanced lead

despatched parties to investigate the

farms the spellin fears of any

hack delay inlays movements yet again by

nine-thirty Wayne and Lee are on the

outskirts of Monmouth courthouse finding

only what they believe were only a few

hundred light inventory composing of the

rearguard Butler and Jackson found

simcoe's Queen Rangers standing guard at

an orchard north of the courthouse

opening fire quickly driving the Rangers

back toward the road

however the Massachusetts of

Pennsylvanians have discourage for cover

in the woods and the British free

Pounder had begun firing upon the

orchard in the enemy with his own eyes

lead the vices of plan he sends orders

to Wayne to pursue the British rear

guard and pulled him into battle

Lafayette will move through town and

smash into the breast flank ideally this

will trap the British light infantry and

force them to surrender

unfortunately for Lee Clinton was

commanding this rearguard and has sent

word to Cornwallis to return to Monmouth

with his division Wayne leads his picked

men across the middle Brook being in the

trees provided little in the way of her

leaf from the heat as even in the shade

it was presently 80 degrees and climbing

wayne also had to delay his attack as

Jackson's men had already exhausted the

12 rounds of ammunition the amount

issued for police in the streets of

Philadelphia a few weeks prior while

Jackson and Butler paused in the trees

they were covered by a detachment of

militia light horses Clinton ordered an

attack send the sixteen Queen's light

dragoons in a charge across the orchards

a William witkoff senior but as the

light horses dispersed but learned

Jackson open a deadly volley disrupt

several of the rider Wayne's whole unit

now emerged from the woods along with

varnum's were data Connecticut and Rhode

Island men command at the time the

Colonel John Durkee a battery of two

guns were established opposite the whit

cops portrait man by David Cooke and

observed by Englishman lieutenant

colonel Eliezer Oswald Lee senior

artillery advisor

meanwhile Clinton regrouped his small

rearguard to straddled the road junction

his Center anchored by a battalion of

light infantry picked from various

regiments in Clinton's army as Lee

oversaw the rest of his division move in

he could see a cloud of dust rising from

the north surely there after a long line

of red began to rise upon the horizon

the lead elements of Cornwallis's

division have counter marks right into

the left flank of the Americans the

front lines comprised of two brigades

commanded by Charles grey the generals

known infamously as no Flint gray for

ordering his men to discard their flint

in exchange for bayonets when storming

an American a camp meant near Anthony

wanes and State Police in reality gray

had only made the order to avoid a

misfire but the name stuck once more in

history Wayne had been caught off guard

by gray the ad-hoc American brigades

began to buckle meanwhile Lafayette had

reached the field only to come

face-to-face with multiple lines of

grenadiers 'he's in frights the free

battalions fanned out the Pennsylvanians

commanded by the dashing 22-year old

Scotsman Walter Stewart hurried up to an

intersection outlined the witkoff farm

while Colonels James Weston and Henry

Livingston covered the flanks at six

hundred yards to suicide open fired

artillery hammered Lafayette line gravy

wounding Wesson and disintegrating the

line in chaos former Maryland elegant

Nathaniel Ramsey took charge of Weston's

detachment the British artillery also

managed to one of Oswald's guns

was the son roast in the artillery crew

who were down to just one gun oswald

gave orders for cooks battery to retreat

seeing the guns leaving the field as

well as part of Wayne's command moving

west through the woods

Maxwell's Stuart assumed the general

retreat had been calmed three regiments

of irons advanced at a plain open

country towards the enemy's left flank

were ordered by General Lee to retreat

and occupy the village of Monmouth they

were no sooner form there then they were

ordered to quit their posts and gain the

woods behind them one order succeeded

another and a reputation in decision

calculated to ruin us

hoping to delayed the British advance

oswald had erected all ten of his guns

on the curve farm west of town some a

Lafayette's been briefly were grouped on

the english town road getting off a few

volleys to try and buy a few extra

minutes before rejoining into withdrawal

seeing the whole of Cornwallis as the

vision coming near Lafayette Road up to

Oswald and ordered him the pulled to

safety to the heights Carter

West it was now past 12 o'clock and the

Sun blistered upon the New Jersey farms

temperatures estimated to be spiking

anywhere just shy of a hundred degrees

the humidity only doubled the misery of

the Americans streaming up the English

town Road Washington arrived to find

staggers stumbling past the meeting

house when the first soldier told him of

Lee's decision to withdraw he had the

man arrested to avoid spreading further

panic many years later private john

anchormen of the first New Jersey was

record-high regimen was ordered to

retreat which was affected by passing

through Omaha and once I lost my shoes

after treating for this Marat my

regiment came to the road just as the

troops I earned the immediate command of

General Washington were passing General

Washington halted and were immediately

paraded having become disordered and

retreating through the Marat I well

recollected General Washington asked the

truth and they could fight and they

answered him with free chairs Washington

at last found Lee near the farmer

William would cuff jr. accounts very of

what followed then as certain of

Washington was never more volatile than

honest day attempts to defend the

decision with improper intelligence in

circumstances and I was controlled fell

on deaf ears furiously watched and

denounced Lee insulted that he would

take command of a fight he never wished

to put a kin Lee quietly departed to the

rear while Washington went into action

from where he sat Washington could hear

fighting to the north as Charles Scott's

picked attachment held out against great

brigade to his front Washington can make

out the glint of the musket barrels of a

British attack formation moving past the

courthouse the tables were now turned

couldn't was now the one on the

offensive

he sent his grenadiers and guards pursue

Lee's men among those rangs was

Lieutenant Colonel Henry Moncton

commander of the second Grenadier

battalion he had entered the military to

stamp his own legacy with one of

Britain's most partida's names his

father had his seat in the House of

Commons

his half-brother was a general officer

his other brothers sat on fortunes

accumulated from the eastern trade

routes and his only sister was an

up-and-coming literary hostess Henry

however was a man again his reputation

by being a

Galion man on the field of battle the

previous fall he had demonstrated the

speed of his battalion making them the

best grenadiers Xin all of North America

now he was just 15 minutes away from

routing the fleeing rebels washed in met

with Lafayette and his other officers

and quickly formed the plan he needed

just enough of a delay to get the main

body of the Continental Army position on

the hills which the meeting house sat on

from there American artillery could cut

any advance and call him to shreds he

entrusted Stewart and Ramses would be

the obstacle watched and needed they set

out to hide within the thickets

concealing a road intersection known

later as the point of woods trying to

correct the retreat Lee began to rally

as many of his men that he could find

backed by four of Oswald's guns letting

Stan and Durkee were convinced into

lining up behind a hedgerow divided the

witkoff jr. farm from the meetinghouses

parsonage now the British would have to

advance under frontal and impolite in

fire unfortunately for Lee Jackson

ignored his demands and continued back

to the meeting house and Colonel Mathias

Ogden who would go no farther than

defending the bridge unwilling to

sacrifice his first New Jersey regiment

it was now near an one o'clock as nearly

2,000 grenadiers and Guardsmen appeared

on the edge of the wick up junior farm

their advance bisected by a wooden fence

a flurry of musket balls let loose into

the calm of read 40 men fell at once

upon seeing their colonel included in

the wounded the first foot guard veered

violently into the woods headlong being

joined by the rest of the column in just

a few minutes dozens would be killed

wounded or captured in the dense woods

Stewart fell with a shot for the groin

soldiers an assist centigrade in

detachment carried him to the rear

Ramsey soon found himself alone his

command also crushed an inter the

pressure the foots guards the Americans

retreated into a clearing west of the

woods as a cluster dragoons raced into

the clearing and cut Ramsey from the

rest of his men and after sparring with

one of the dragoons disappeared in the

tall grass of a shot to the chief as

they emerged in the point of woods

the Redcoats came under fire from two

guns positioned across the field

Lieutenant William Hale of the second

Grenadier battalion

what happened next general Flynn himself

appeared at the end of our left wing

accompanied by the Cornwallis and crying

out charge Grenadier has never heated

for me we rushed on amidst the heaviest

fire I have yet felt it was no longer a

contest for bringing up I respected

companies in the best water but all

officers as well as soldiers strove who

could be foremost to my shame I speak

noticing the American right flank was

left unprotected the 16th of goons

charged forward only to be shunned away

by American marksmanship as the Foot

Guards moved up the English Town Road

Moncton led his grenadiers battalion

straight forward toward the head road

they stormed into a hell a musketry at

just 20 yards grapeshot tattering their

rings panting in front up sprouted along

the line at least one man's body would

later be recovered with a puncture wound

of a sword in the hail gunfire Moncton

agrees they grade his men through to

chaos but silenced by a piece of grape

shot through his pump Warren's and

Hamilton wrote into the fray trying to

keep the hedgerow from falling both of

their horses were shot away the officers

being swamped with Americans dispersing

past them some of the bloodiest fighting

the American Revolution has just elapsed

in 15 minutes but it was long enough for

Lord starlings lane of the Continental

Army to arrive on the field along the

lift em were 12 guns of Henry Knox's

artillery the battery was predominantly

outfitted with the 6-pound field piece

the port course of the American

artillery these French made guns were

far more lightweight than the older

British artillery pieces captured

earlier in the war quickly were deployed

on the hillside known as Perrin Ridge

they no sooner were at the ready when

the second randhir's charged over the

Middlebrook bridge could currently the

42nd Highlanders famed as the Black

Watch were moving through the orchard

owned by the Sutton family Kate shot

poured into the ranks on the oncoming

Redcoat forced in a black wash to freeze

and the second Grenadier retreat back

across

from the hedgerow Clinton canal see some

14,000 Americans form it upon the ridge

ahead

a frontal soak could not be made without

heavy losses Clinton now called upon in

an amalgamation of ten guns of various

calibers to be established at in the

opening east of the parsonage to counter

the American artillery starting at 1:30

the war of cannon and dinging of their

rounds and in the air that goes across

the New Jersey landscape from this

artillery duel and merge one the

enduring legends of the War of

Independence

somewhere along the line of guns a woman

running water to soldiers fatigue but

the boiling atmosphere dropped her

bucket and took up utensils from man in

a cannon only one first-hand account

exists describing the circumstance of

the woman's petticoat being tattered by

a stray cannonball most likely this was

Mary what would caves whose husband was

an artillery man who had fallen fatigued

by the heat of the day

history would label her as molly Pitcher

while the great cannon a generated

folklore it does little in the way of

harm to either Army's position with 2/3

of a mile to cover debilitating humidity

impairing judgment most cannonballs were

harmlessly passing overhead by 2 p.m.

Clinton shifts his focus upon the

American left which seemingly ended

abruptly neared the meeting house the

rear guard was reorganized ironed the

helm of the general quartermaster

William arrghh scheme who took them on a

march across the North Brook and through

the farm of the Deacon John Craig

overlooked in the battlefield the light

imagery in the Queen Rangers and moved

into the covered trees in attempt to

swing down upon the meeting house

Washington however had anticipated this

move he called upon Lafayette to extend

the left flank on the wooded hillside

with Marylanders north carolinians and a

regiment out of Delaware as the Rangers

neared the median house New Jersey

militiamen hurried to plug the gap not

one to be entangled thirsty and her

Simcoe ordered a retreat back behind the

British lines in the process

a British cannon became bogged down in

the muddy banks of the Northbrook

Dickenson rushed forward his militia

trying to seize the gun Simcoe viciously

led a counter-attack loyalists and

Patriots struggled in a brief but

violent scuffle eventually the Rangers

pulled the cannon free from the mud and

regroup with Gray's men around the

Sutton farm when the battle began

Clinton and neglected to take the high

ground a Coombs Hill which was to his

south due to being surrounded by

wetlands but wash it was made well aware

of the heights by a member of staff who

lived on the battlefield washington of

eyes green to take the hill Greene moved

to position with four guns under command

of French Lieutenant Colonel du Plessis

at fray p.m. the order was given the

fire while novice got to do

unless this battery quickly began the

batter the left flank of the British

line cliff didn't quickly realized his

position was compromised any further

offensively were no work he began to

make preparations for a general

withdrawal seeing the British shift

their formations in preparation to

retreat wash and saw a chance to recover

his men's morale they had managed to

solve their advance now he can instill

the belief they had driven the British

off the field he called upon Scots

germinating picked battalions commanded

by Richard Parker and Joseph sily they

are targeted where the Highlander is

still holding out within the Sutton

orchard being occupied with avoiding the

rounds of American artillery they failed

to notice Parker and silently moving

through the shallow Valley of the

Northbrook holy spotted when forced to

break for cover from British artillery

the Highlanders tried to reform upon the

northern fence of the orchard but Parker

set up a battery of two six pounders the

Highlanders had no choice but to leave

the shelter the orchard pulled back into

a meadow east of the property here they

were supported by a free pounder from

the first light infantry the Americans

rushed into a hail case shot before sily

ordered them back into the orchard

allowing grain earth's key to organize

their egg aids in a pool across the

Middlebrook to safety with the northern

farm secured Washington now turned to

the South Washington called upon Wayne

to strike the remaining British off the

field he picked the firt Pennsylvania

regiment a lot of additional regiments

presently commanded by Lieutenant

Colonel Rudolph owner of Pennsylvania

and the latter being commanded by the

later to the infamous Aaron Burr as they

emerged across the woods and into the

blistering Sun they were rejuvenated

when they saw the first Battalion of

grenadiers is isolated from the rest of

Clinton's retreat way in order to

aggressive push forward on the curved

farm

Lieutenant Colonel James Webster to see

the situation unfolding in front of them

and quickly took it upon himself to

rescue the Grenadier he ordered the

Ferdie further foods at the double click

across the South Floral and into the

wick cook farm just as Wayne opened up

on the Grenadier impervious to bullets

and intolerable humidity Webster's haste

caught the Americans off-guard

a quick succession of Ollie's tore them

apart near the bloody hedgerow bunner

was care

the highest-ranking fun little officer

lost that day verb fled on foot with

what remained of a shadow regimen to the

safety of the buildings comprising of

the parsonage after ensuring Wayne could

not counter attack the British at last

broke off the engagement

roughly before 6:00 although watch and

try to organize some 700 men to pursue

Clinton the sight of many soldiers

dropping for once of water made him

reconsider after nearly 12 hours of

constant fighting into inhumane blazing

heat the longest single day engagement

of the American Revolution had alas come

to an end

[Music]

Sunday night into Monday would be

dedicated to the ghastly task of

collecting the dead and wounded made

only worse by the horrific teats those

who had fallen had lay in those first

arrived to tend to the casualties was

dr. William Reed who had traveled as far

away as Georgia to follow the

Continental Army

along with his servant Peter Houston the

two would stumble across a most

horrifying find I found an officer

laying a few yards from a morass nearly

cut into by a cannon shot he was alive

and spoke and poured me to lift into a

tree which to stand near alleging that

he had been all night trying to do so

that he might die easy the clotted blood

was piled up several inches on his front

and had ceased to flow with assistance

from Houston ie SS to lift him tenderly

and step in backwards we placed him

against the tree the blood now began to

flow precipitately and in all

probability terminated his life they

heard him utter a few words of

thankfulness and proceeded on the

British had left with no time to tend to

their losses some 200 American soldiers

civilians and slaves are pulled together

to recover the fallen of both sides

bringing the wounded to the tenant

meeting house which had been converted

into a hospital but for many amputations

were needed to be done where they had

fallen dr. Reid notes later of having a

tear apart two cloves of the deceased to

make bandages for the wounded most

however were ill from heat exhaustion

water was of the highest priority for a

soldier who encamped that night on the

Monmouth battlefield in the days that

followed both sides would report highly

exaggerated casualty figures inflicted

on the enemy coupled the fact the

British never directly counted their

losses the final butcher's bill was

conflicted at present the official

record stands at 69 killed 161 wounded

and 132 missing and captured from the

Americans the British suffered similarly

with 65 killed 170 wounded and 64

captured a missing little was gained in

terms of losses although the British had

destroyed the initial attack concealed

of routing the remainder the Connell

army led to his forces being stonewalled

apparent Ridge having conceded the field

to the Americans

Washington chalked it up as good

not for a moral victory monmouth however

did little in the way of affecting

clinton's evacuation during the night's

Clinton stealthily moved his men past

Washington's pickets continuing on his

course to Middletown but the first of

July Clinton in position his forces on

the formidable heights at Navis SiC

protecting their cross into Sandy Hook

Washington did not entertain the idea of

throwing his exhausted men against the

heights having come out of the ordeal

Valley Forge and standing toe-to-toe

with the British was enough to satisfy

the Patriots they moved Overland via New

Brunswick and eventually are back at the

winter quarters of Morristown Washington

and Clinton could not realize it at the

time but they would remain staring at

each other for the next three years

a most hellish plan has been formed and

I may say at the least not discouraged

by headquarters to destroy my honor and

reputation I have the men at a

court-martial which has fortunately been

granted if I had been let alone should I

would patients have suffered him to pick

up the laurels which I had shaken down

and laid at their feet but the

outrageous attacks made are enough to

drive patients itself Dumanis

I shall not trouble you at present with

a detail of the action but by all scared

General Washington has scarcely any more

to do in this than strip the dead these

trial commenced on of all days July 4

1777 orders conducted an unnecessary

disorderly and shameful retreat and

disrespect toward the commander-in-chief

while Lee initially had a stout defense

based upon the fact his position was

justifiably unattainable considering the

numbers placed against him upon court

Wallace's arrival it quickly turned into

a personal conflict between the honor of

Washington and himself and that was a

fight he was never going to win when the

court finished by August 9th the board

family guilty were washed and sending

the decision to Congress on December 6

1778 Congress served with a one-year

suspension for command outrage Lee began

a furious campaign to have his name

cleared openly insulting Washington at

every turn maybe it's for lacking at mom

if the bonus he was famous for that

Lorne's challenged lead to a duel over

Washington's on

on Christmas Eve 1778 the two met

outside of Philadelphia in the opening

shot

Laurens Grace's elder in the abdomen

when lead definitely asked to go second

round Lauren's and both seconds called

for it to be over because of his wound

Lee was unable to accept Anthony Wayne's

challenge to a duel the Battle of

Monmouth marked a change in the course

of the American Revolution being bottled

up in New York Clinton turned his

attention to the southern colonies

he sent General Cornwallis to Charleston

the city the both of them had failed to

capture back in 1776 and this time in

1780 they were decisively successful

Cornwallis in' proceeded to destroy the

reputation of the man whom some wished

washington to be replaced by Horatio

Gates but the brutal war in the south

backfired reinforced in Patriot

sentiments Daniel Morgan a fandom

Greenwood outwit Cornwallis low in

supplies

the man who voted against the very tax

that triggered this whole mess marched

to a little poor town called Yorktown

where the French Navy cut off his

retreat the fear Clinton had that

sparked the Monmouth campaign and it

alas come true Cornwallis Army would be

forced to surrender and a few errs after

America would gain its independence

[Music]

you

[Music]

you

you