Hypoglycemia: Definition, Identification, Prevention, and Treatment

hi I'm your glucometer and I'm here to

give you information about hypoglycemia

what is hypoglycemia hypoglycemia means

low blood sugar

your sugar can go low due to illness

certain medications insulin exercise or

skipping meals hypoglycemia is when your

blood sugar drops below 70 milligrams

per deciliter you might be wondering

what is the typical range for people

with diabetes when fasting which is 8

hours with no food or drink except water

the goal for your blood sugar is between

80 and 132 hours after eating the goal

is less than 180 how do you know if you

have low blood sugar

finger sticks are the most reliable way

to know where your blood sugar level is

sometimes you might feel mild to

moderate symptoms sweaty pale shaky

dizzy or lightheaded confused or

disoriented blurred vision a fast or

irregular heartbeat vivid dreams

nightmares or sudden awakenings

sometimes you might have severe symptoms

like being unable to eat or drink having

seizures convulsions or jerky movements

or falling unconscious and sometimes you

might experience hypoglycemic

unawareness which means that your body

doesn't give any warning signs that your

blood sugar is getting low this can put

you at risk of severe sometimes

life-threatening low blood sugar

our bodies don't always give us

consistent messages so we can't depend

upon experiencing symptoms to let us

know that something is wrong the only

way to truly know if you have low blood

sugar is to check with an fda-approved

glucose meter how do you prevent

hypoglycemia here are several tips eat

meals and snacks on a regular schedule

take your medications as prescribed if

your blood sugar is high you may be

tempted to take too much insulin or an

extra pill however doing this is

dangerous and could lead to hypoglycemia

if you are taking insulin or a

medication that is known to cause low

blood sugar you should check your blood

sugar regularly checking your blood

sugar regularly and before and after

vigorous exercise can help you catch a

low before it becomes an emergency how

do you treat hypoglycemia if your blood

sugar is between 59 and 78 in 15 grams

of fast-acting carbohydrates can help

bring your blood sugar back to normal if

after 15 minutes it is still below 70

eat another 15 grams of fast-acting

carbohydrates once your blood sugar is

in the normal range between 80 and 130

eat a small snack to prevent another low

fast-acting carbohydrates include 1/2

cup or 4 ounces of regular soda not diet

1/2 cup or four ounces of fruit juice 1

cup or 8 ounces of skim milk hard

candies be sure to check the label to

see what serving size equals 15 grams of

total carbohydrates glucose gel or tabs

to be chewed for better absorption avoid

having anything with chocolate nuts or

higher fat dairy because fat and

proteins slow the digestion of the

carbohydrates into sugar so your blood

sugar won't rise fast enough

remember it can take 15 minutes for the

carbohydrates to raise your sugar try to

stay calm and not overeat

what happens if your blood sugar goes to

low and you're asleep or unresponsive

there is an emergency medication called

glucagon that can be injected into you

if you're unresponsive somebody who

finds you unresponsive can easily inject

glucagon into your body glucagon is a

hormone that breaks down stored glucose

so glucose can enter your bloodstream

and bring your blood sugar up your

doctor will prescribe you a glucagon

injection kit keep the expiration date

of your kit written down and request a

new prescription as that date approaches

be open about your diabetes with family

partners friends and co-workers so they

can help you if you need it it is

important that you show them where the

kit is and how to use it wear a bracelet

or necklace that says that you have

diabetes keep a card in your wallet that

says that you have diabetes and lists

your medications set up an emergency

alert on your cell phone to let people

know that you have diabetes to see a

demo of how to do a glucagon injection

please go to WWE my arg glucagon for the

most part hypoglycemia is preventable

and almost always treatable stay

prepared keep your meter and glucose

source with you and if you feel odd

check your sugar sometimes low blood

sugar and high blood sugar can feel

similar so it is important to be sure

you are low before treating if you eat

because you feel low but your sugar is

actually high your blood sugar will rise

even higher making you feel worse for

more information talk with your doctor

dietitian nurse pharmacist and diabetes

educator they are all here to help keep

you safe