Gluten Free Diet

did your provider suggest trying a

gluten-free diet if so you've probably

been having digestive problems like

wheat allergy celiac disease or

non-celiac gluten sensitivity let's

start by talking about what gluten is

then we will talk about gluten related

diseases and how the diet might help

gluten is a protein naturally made by

wheat barley and rye remember food has

three types of building blocks fat

protein and carbohydrates while we tend

to think of protein as a meat plants

make a lot of it - and different plants

make different kinds the gluten protein

is unique because it's two parts gliadin

and glutenin s' trap water and gets

sticky when they're wet like glue this

is why wheat barley and rye flours are

great for making dough's and batters

during baking their stickiness also

helps trap rising air bubbles so that

breads and cakes become fluffy a

gluten-free diet primarily leaves out

food made from flour but the tricky part

is finding places where gluten tends to

hide oats are another possible hiding

place they don't naturally make gluten

but are often contaminated by wheat

grown in nearby fields are processed by

the same machines the complete list of

products that have gluten can feel long

and somewhat random when you're first

starting a gluten-free diet this is why

professionals trained and nutrition are

available to help remember for the most

part wheat barley and rye are the only

natural sources of gluten this makes

other food groups automatically gluten

free the other grains are typically safe

to corn rice and nutrient-packed quinoa

for example don't make gluten on their

own for people who want to bake there

are even gluten-free flours these are

either made from plants that naturally

don't make gluten or they are made from

wheat and have had the gluten removed

and replaced by xantham gum that brings

us to the next question who should be on

a gluten-free diet

the most common gluten related disorders

are wheat allergy celiac disease and

non-celiac gluten sensitivity wheat

allergy is a strong allergic reaction to

wheat proteins that causes some people

to suddenly have severe difficulty

breathing you may know people who have

had similar reactions to peanuts or

beestings wheat allergies are danger

but very rare celiac disease on the

other hand is an autoimmune disease when

people with this disease eat gluten the

immune system flares up and damages the

intestines inflammation makes it hard

for them to absorb enough nutrients and

put these people at risk for weak bones

anemia and unhealthy weight loss the

third disease is non-celiac gluten

sensitivity this one is less well

defined the symptoms are similar to

celiac disease but are caused by

different set of triggers some

researchers prefer to call it non celiac

wheat intolerance in particular they

have studied whether it could be a

reaction to a carbohydrate and wheat

called fruit n' instead of the gluten

protein it could also be driven by

enzymes in wheat called amylase trypsin

inhibitors for people with wheat allergy

and celiac disease in particular

avoiding gluten completely is essential

for their health on the other hand if

you don't have a gluten related disorder

you don't need to avoid it the

gluten-free diet isn't the type that

helps you lose weight or build muscle it

can be low on B vitamins and folate

since gluten-free flours are typically

not fortified and it is missing out on

the polyunsaturated fats and fiber in a

whole wheat that are known to benefit

cholesterol and blood pressure whole

wheat is usually a good thing so that's

it just remember if you are wondering

whether you should go gluten-free you

need to see your provider first this is

important for timing remember those

three diseases we talked about if you

start the diet on your own and your body

is not exposed to gluten any longer the

tests could miss the diagnosis the

second reason is guidance

remember all those places gluten likes

to hide if it turns out that you do have

a gluten related disease you will need

help learning about your new diet a

professional trained and nutrition will

teach you what you need to avoid they

will also teach you about the new foods

you can enjoy like naturally gluten free

whole grains that are important for your

health they will help you make the right

adjustments and customize your diet for

you thanks for watching