a

What's your Ferro-rod made out of?

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although they're thanks for joining me

on another video as you've guessed this

is all about cerium and that's in

feresten earring rods we all know what

ferrous IRA's look like we've all

probably used them but I don't think

many people have seen cerium and it's a

and its raw form so I bought some it's

quite expensive furs and on if the

camera is going to pick it up what's up

I'll bring you in for a closer look

it's quite expensive it's one pound per

gram so I've got 10 grams here plus

postage and packaging which was a couple

of quid very tiny amount really so I'll

bring you closer in let's let's open

this pack it up okay so this is what it

looks like in the bag and it does have a

little bit of oil in in with it because

once this is exposed to oxygen it will

start to oxidize not straightaway don't

think what it will oxidize you know it's

so I've mainly brought this piece of

paper

Sydney lights and find this white rock

appear actually but I brought the piece

of paper up so we can so we can have a

proper look at it so I'm just going to

open it up as you can see it's quite

oily

yes I think there's three pieces in here

so there's another piece that last bit

out it's as a tiniest of pieces okay so

what is Syria well basically it's on the

periodic table is number is 58 atomic

number is 58 now I've heard a rumor and

it can be caught with a knife

so let's have a go at that so yeah you

can cut it with a knife if I did it a

bit longer probably yeah probably get

through that

just click in it right so yeah it's

number 58 on the periodic table

it's clusters a rare earth element it is

a metal some of its uses are for as well

as in these guys some of its uses are

you can find cerium in a catalytic

converter on a car they use it for

self-cleaning ovens it can be used in

its oxidized form for polishing mirrors

like a strongly

astronomical mirrors in telescopes that

kind of thing it can be used to polish

glass it can also be used to change the

color of glass apparently it changes the

color of glass to yellow there's some

process that does that so yeah this

basically it's what's in our in our rods

that we use you know in our Ferro cerium

rods okay so we've got cerium in our

ferrule cerium rods so what does the

word ferrule sodium actually mean what

does it mean towards well basically the

ferrule bit is iron there's two methyls

that will give off sparks one is cerium

and the other one is iron so when they

make ferrocene rods they put iron in

them as well as cerium the other type of

ferrocene rods I mean ferrocerium is a

generic name for all ferrocene rods all

striking rods they also put magnesium in

some farah rods now this one this

probably got magnesium in it because

i've not used it that much but it's

quite worn where is the bigger one and

it's not just because it's bigger the

bigger one is hardly any wearing on it

so the pharisee reham bit the first

indian word means iron and cerium so

we've just seen cerium now don't think

and get a spark off it but we'll ever go

in a minute off its raw state

okay so what is actually happening when

we strike a ferrocerium rod basically as

we scrape down the rod the rod in this

case is is ferrocerium so it's a Ferro

rod it does contain high amounts of iron

in it the reason I can tell that is

because the way that the spots are

coming off is giving lots of little

sparks not really any globules so I know

that this is heavy and I in with I am

being quite a dense metal in comparison

I brought one here which is a magnesium

heavy Ferro rod because it's got

magnesium all the way around it so I've

suspect that this rod is magnesium and

as you can see is it's quite worn

where's the camera so it's quite worn

this one wears away quite easy

magnesium heavy Ferro rods wear quicker

than the iron counterparts so let's try

this as you can see it is giving off

more sparks and quite globular eight

wants to leave it wants to leave

particles behind whereas this one just

wants to give you lots of sparks so

what's happening when we do that is as

we scrape it's actually lift in my newts

particles I mean these these these

sparks are measured in nanometers so as

we scrape down it's giving off its

scraping some of that ferrocerium out of

the iron because obviously the ferrocene

rod isn't coated with cerium it's the

manufacturing processes it's within the

metal so as you scrape down down it your

your

bringing my newts power particles of

that cerium off now I'm just going to

these are coated in oil a little bit so

let's see if we can get a spark off

there just you see that just getting a

spark off and it's raw form

try and bring up to the camera so yeah I

mean that is like this rock that I'm

using here although this is limestone

it's a rock and it's a metal you know

it's an element that's an element

there's a methyl naturally-occurring

metal like I am which is also on the

periodic table so I mean I'm not

suggesting you use this in a survival

situation a little piece like this this

is just for demonstration purposes

it came off then but yeah you can now I

wasn't expecting that so that's a that's

a surprise to me so there we go

that's that's his cerium so I brought

this little magnifier with me and I'll

just place that over the camera lens of

the phone lens should I say let's take a

closer look

so that's what it looks like apparently

when this is oxidized it goes black

alright so there we have it guys some of

you some some people may know about this

kind of stuff some people may not a

couple of examples here there's other

there's other metals called mish metals

that they use as well didn't really want

to go into that too much but take the a

common kind of lighter Zippo or one of

these we all call it a Flint that's in

one of these which is actually wrong

it's a mishmash well there's a reason

why they can sell these for you know

fire for a quid it's because it's mish

metal inside it's it's not it's not true

cerium it's not Flint they look at the

price you know telegram it's going to be

expensive lighter so what what the use

is mish metals so it's a mixture of

magnesium iron cerium and they put all

the stuff in there that helps it helps

it makes packs so I hope you found it

educational if not skip and watch

another video

so I just thought I'd do this little

video scene as though the cerium arrived

you of the day I dunno I've still got

this challenge today that's been set

babe by an x-ray Zulu playing on doing

that on this Friday so hopefully fingers

crossed everything goes well for that so

that's that's it guys thanks for

watching folks coming along on the

journey with me may have learnt

something may not may be a load of

useless information to yet but I thought

it was you know nice to nice to find out

about these things I'm quite inquisitive

like that I like to know how things work

so I'm going to leave it there guys

thanks for watching please like and

subscribe do all the usual stuff and

I'll see you all on the next video guys

Cheers

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