Fencing Basics - Types of Swords

hi my name is Mike Peterson and I'm a

coach here at Golden Gate fencing Center

and today we're going to be showing you

the types of weapons that you would be

using when you learn to fence by

watching these books the first thing

we'd like to do is introduce you to the

weapons the first weapon is the foil the

foil is the lightest of the weapons the

blade is about 43 inches long it ends in

a tip that has a metallic button at the

end of it that is part of the electrical

scoring apparatus the bell guard is a

smaller Bell guard that is there to

allow the fencer to deflect the

opponent's blade away from their target

area this is called an orthopaedic grip

it's designed to be held in your hand in

a very comfortable manner that provides

power strength and dexterity to the

person using the foil the target area in

foil is the torso of the body so the

foil is a thrusting weapon like this

instead of a cutting weapon the next

weapon is the epee the blade of the fa

is a little bit thicker and wider and is

actually triangular in shape this makes

it just a little bit more stiff than the

foil blade at this end of the fa we have

a small button and that button is called

a tip this tip is connected to a wire

and what's interesting about the fa is

there's a groove that runs down the

blade and that groove is where we

essentially glue the wire into the blade

and it runs all the way down through the

bell guard it comes out the other side

of the bell guard and you can see those

wires right there and connects to this

socket this socket is then connected to

a body cord which will run up the sleeve

underneath the jacket and out the back

the third weapon we want to use is

called the saber now the saber is the

only weapon in the sport of fencing

that's actually a cutting weapon if you

look at the very end of the saber

unlike the foil and unlike the FA it has

no tip you can score with the saber with

the tip or the side of the weapon you'll

notice that the bell guard is

differently shaped it curves around your

hand and that is to protect your hand

from cuts and allow you to capture the

opponent's blade against your Bell guard

and your blade so that you can stop

their attack from scoring the second

thing that you'll notice is that the

handle is shaped differently the handle

is a French grip handle and it's a

straight handle with a slight curve to

it that kind of molds itself to your

hand and to hold the saber you simply

put your thumb on top wrap your fingers

around like this and make certain that

the bottom of the saber is at the bottom

of your hand and that's the position

that you would hold this Avery it's very

important that when you are learning to

fence you are always aware of safety

please don't fence without your full

protective gear and always always store

your equipment out of harm's way